Blockchain et le financement de projets durables

Dans un monde globalisé, le besoin de confiance et de sécurité des transactions est accru. Les parties à une transaction ne se connaissent que rarement. Ainsi, les intermédiaires traditionnels, tels que les organisations internationales, les banques et les gouvernements assurent ce niveau de confiance et de sécurité. Aujourd'hui, ces intermédiaires peuvent parfois être remplacés par la …

Hyperconnectivé et grands défis mondiaux: vers une plus grande solidarité mondiale?

L’urgence des défis du 21èmesiècle, et la timide réponse des États-nations, doivent nous pousser à réfléchir à une nouvelle manière de communiquer et collaborer sur les grands défis mondiaux. Comment pouvons-nous être solidaires au niveau régional et mondial, alors que le système international est basé sur des États-Nations qui ont pour objectif de défendre leurs intérêts …

Confiance et transparence dans la société numérique

2018 aura été une année charnière pour les plateformes de réseaux sociaux, et sera probablement perçue dans la futur comme l’année de la défiance vis-à-vis des technologies numériques. Des scandales à répétition (Cambridge Analytica, campagnes de désinformation multiples), des vols massifs de données, et une cybercriminalité en hausse nous ont amené à questionner notre utilisation …

Freedom of opinion in the digital age

On Sunday 9 December, a collective of more than 120 intellectuals and political leaders from sixteen countries proposed in a Manifesto, published by "Le Monde", “The Guardian” and other European media outlets, a new architecture for the EU (Piketty, 2018). The signatories intended to demonstrate that Europe, despite its many critics and the populist wave, …

From great promises to pitfalls

If the US presidential campaigns of 2008 and 2012 seemed to confirm the conviction that digital tools, including the internet and social networks, empowered civil society organisations and grassroots movements, and thus reinforced democracy, the US Presidential campaign of 2016 highlighted the challenges posed by digital technologies. Internet and digital technologies were first seen as …

Journalism 2.0

The 21st century saw the emergence of the social media era that empowered individuals and civil society to interact and collaborate. Information is now shared globally and instantaneously: Twitter replaced newspapers by becoming the first source of information: an event happens in the world...and we all check Twitter and YouTube for more information, and look …

Civil society and ICTs

Recent information revolutions are based on the emergence of new information and communication technologies (ICTs), which encapsulate the converging set of technologies in microelectronics, computing telecommunications and optoelectronics.[1] Previous industrial revolutions were based on technologies that used cheap inputs of energy. According to Castells, new ICTs are based on cheap inputs of information. This shift …

The political role of civil society

Increasingly, problems debated and discussed in the public sphere are transnational by nature: climate change, humanitarian intervention for instance. The participation of civil society has evolved with the emergence of these new challenges. The political role of the global civil society has evolved over time as describes Kaldor[1]: (1) old social movements pre 1970s, (2) …

Global civil society

The role of NGOs in supporting progress toward multi-party elections in authoritarian countries is well documented. Since the early 1990s, civil society organizations increasingly became global and challenged global policies of international institutions and led to the development of new accountability norms. They also offer (or state to) more legitimacy to global governance mechanisms by representing and being the voice of non-state and non-corporate actors. Many global institutions tend to associate with NGOs and the civil society at large to gain extra legitimacy and higher levels of public trust. Author: Jerome Duberry

Emergence of the nonprofit sector

The global civil society inhabits the space between the private sector economy and the state. It includes a wide variety of actors with sometimes conflicting objectives: formal representative organizations such as parties, churches, lobbies or trade unions, cohabit with informal functional organizations such as charities, universities, think tanks, mass media; and with more informal social and political entities and their networks such as social forums, ad hoc activist coalitions, diasporas networks causes or internationally coordinated social movements. Author: Jerome Duberry

New forms of activism

New forms of activism use social media channels to debate, discuss but also to spread information rapidly and freely. Twitter, Facebook and other social media tools increasingly became the favored space where citizen start their participation in protests by either posting a photo, an information for the press, or support a cause by liking its page or following its hashtag. Iranian opponents to the newly reelected Iranian government also used other types of communication technologies such as mobile phones. Author: Jerome Duberry

The World Social Forum

Thanks to the use of new ICTs, the World Social Forum became a global public space where individuals and organizations dealt with common problems through dialogue and discussion. Given that WSF was founded by and for alter-globalization activists, its evolution did not follow the traditional pattern. It remained an open-space where grassroots movements are more represented than powerful INGOs. Author: Jerome Duberry

The Arab Spring

These civil society movements have some common characteristics: they are organized and function as a network and make intense use of new ICTs such as Internet based and mobile communications. They create multiple connections with peers, with other groups engaged for the same cause, with the media, and with society at large. To enable these unlimited local to global connections, civil activists need Internet. Author: Jerome Duberry